o Freezing Rain creates a coating of ice on roads and walkways.
o Sleet is rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground. Sleet also causes roads to
freeze and become slippery.
o Winter Weather Advisory means cold, ice and snow are expected.
o Winter Storm Watch means severe weather such as heavy snow or ice is possible in the next day
o Winter Storm Warning means severe winter conditions have begun or will begin very soon.
o Blizzard is issued for winter storms when the following conditions are expected to last for at least
winds of at least 35 miles per hour with considerable snowfall that reduces visibility to ¼ of a
mile or less.
Snowfall totals vary greatly in Maryland. Garrett County in far western Maryland often receives as much snow as areas of the central plains and interior areas of New York and New England. Areas of the lower Eastern Shore often have little or now snow during a winter season. In the populous central part of the state, snow totals can vary greatly from one season to the next.
The heaviest snowfall on record in central Maryland was the three-day President’s Day weekend storm in 2003, dumping more than 32 inches of snow on the region. Maryland is prone to quick warm-ups after major storms, which sometimes leads to flooding problems. Winter storms in Maryland also may include sleet (ice pellets) and freezing rain (rain that freezes on contact with roads, sidewalks and other surfaces). Winter in Maryland sometimes also brings extreme cold, which can present health problems for the ill, the elderly, infants and the homeless, especially when reliable heating sources are not available.
On driving: Stay off the roads once a weather warning has been announced. If you are driving on ice, do not stand on the brakes once you begin to spin or slide. Turn the front wheels towards the direction you were going and do not spin the steering fast or you could overshoot the road and flip over and become another stat for the state.
Vehicle maintenance: Inspect your wipers, battery, tires and tire pressure, coolant and other fluids. this will help stop you from becoming a victim on the roadway. always have your gas tank filled during the winter times, this will stop condensation from building up in your gas tank and lines and they will not freeze up with water.
Prepare your car
At home and at work
Should all communications be lost, find the closest Ham Radio operator and use them for emergency communications for medical, fire, and EMS. These people have more resources then most people and are volunteers.
Make sure to have available:
In cars and trucks
If you do get stuck...
On the farm
Dress to fit the season
Stay tuned for storm warnings
When a winter storm WATCH is issued:
When a winter storm WARNING is issued:
Source: American Red Cross and National Weather Service